Cara Menurunkan Demam Anak | Editor Online

Hello, Sohib EditorOnline! If you’re reading this, chances are you’re a concerned parent looking for ways to help your child cope with fever. In this article, we will guide you through the basics of fever in children and provide you with tips on how to safely and effectively reduce your child’s temperature. Let’s get started!

What Is a Fever?

Before we discuss how to lower a child’s fever, let’s first define what it is. A fever is a body temperature that is higher than normal, usually above 38°C (100.4°F). It is a common symptom of many illnesses, including viral infections, bacterial infections, and other medical conditions.

It is important to note that not all fevers require medical intervention. In fact, fever is the body’s natural response to infection or injury, and it helps the immune system fight off pathogens. However, if your child’s fever is very high, lasts for a long time, or is accompanied by other concerning symptoms, it may be necessary to seek medical attention.

What Causes a Fever in Children?

Fever in children can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

Causes of Fever in Children Description
Viral infections Most common cause of fever in children
Bacterial infections E.g. strep throat, urinary tract infections, pneumonia
Ear infections Common in young children
Immunizations Fever is a common side effect of some vaccines
Teething Some infants may develop a low-grade fever when teething
Other medical conditions E.g. autoimmune diseases, cancer

How to Lower a Child’s Fever

1. Give Your Child Enough Fluids

When your child has a fever, it is important to keep them hydrated. Fever can cause dehydration, which can make the symptoms worse. Encourage your child to drink plenty of water, fruit juices, or electrolyte solutions.

If your child is not interested in drinking, you can try giving them ice chips or popsicles to suck on. You can also offer soups or broths, which can help replenish lost nutrients and fluids.

2. Dress Your Child Appropriately

Dress your child in lightweight, breathable clothing that allows heat to escape. Avoid dressing them in heavy or tight-fitting clothes, as this can trap heat and increase the fever. If your child is shivering, use a light blanket to cover them.

It is also important to keep the room cool and well-ventilated. Use a fan or air conditioning to circulate air and lower the temperature.

3. Use Fever-Reducing Medications

If your child’s fever is high or causing discomfort, you can use over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to lower it. These medications work by blocking the production of prostaglandins, which are chemicals that cause pain and inflammation.

Be sure to follow the dosage instructions carefully, and do not give your child more than the recommended amount. Also, avoid using aspirin for fever in children, as it has been linked to a rare but serious condition called Reye’s syndrome.

4. Apply Cool Compresses

You can also use cool compresses to lower your child’s fever. Wet a washcloth with cool water and place it on your child’s forehead, wrists, or ankles. You can also give your child a lukewarm bath or shower, which can help lower the temperature.

5. Monitor Your Child’s Temperature

Finally, it is important to monitor your child’s temperature regularly to ensure that it is responding to the treatment. Use a thermometer to check your child’s temperature every few hours, and keep a record of the readings. If the fever persists or worsens despite your efforts, seek medical attention.


1. Can I give my child both acetaminophen and ibuprofen?

No, it is not recommended to give your child both medications at the same time. Instead, alternate between them every few hours to ensure that your child receives effective and safe relief.

2. When should I seek medical attention for my child’s fever?

You should seek medical attention if your child’s fever is very high (above 40°C/104°F), lasts for more than a few days, is accompanied by other concerning symptoms (such as vomiting, rash, or seizures), or occurs in an infant under 3 months old.

3. How can I prevent my child from getting a fever?

There is no surefire way to prevent your child from getting a fever, as it is a common symptom of many illnesses. However, you can take steps to boost your child’s immune system, such as ensuring that they get enough sleep, eat a healthy diet, and practice good hygiene.

4. Is fever always a sign of infection?

No, fever can also be caused by non-infectious factors such as autoimmune diseases, cancer, or medication side effects.

5. Can fever cause brain damage?

No, fever itself does not cause brain damage. However, if the fever is very high, it can cause seizures or other complications that may result in neurological damage. This is why it is important to monitor your child’s fever carefully and seek medical attention if necessary.


Fevers are a common occurrence in children, and in most cases, they are not a cause for concern. However, if your child’s fever is high or accompanied by other concerning symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention. Meanwhile, you can use the tips outlined in this article to help your child feel more comfortable and manage the fever safely. Stay healthy!