Penjelasan Detail tentang Run-Ons and Comma Splices beserta Contoh Soal

Penjelasan Detail tentang Run-Ons and Comma Splices
beserta Contoh Soal

Kesalahan
dalam penulisan penulisan bahasa Inggris umum terjadi. Salah satu kesalahan
tersebut adalah peletakkan tanda koma (,) yang kurang tepat (comma splices) dan kalimat yang
seharusnya menjadi 2 kalimat namun ditulis menjadi 1 kalimat (run-ons). Apakah penjelasan dari dua
kesalahan dalam writing tersebut? Di
bawah ini adalah penjelasan detail tentang run-ons
and comma splices
beserta contoh soal.

I. Definisi dan Penjelasan Run-ons and Comma Splices

Run-ons dan comma splices
adalah dua kesalahan dalam kalimat yang sering ditemukan pada saat penulisan
bahasa Inggris. Kesalahan – kesalahan tersebut sering terjadi ketika 2 kalimat
memiliki makna yang saling terkait / berhubungan.

a) Run-on

Run-on adalah kesalahan dimana dua kalimat sederhana
digabungkan menjadi satu dengan tidak menggunakan tanda koma dan tidak
menggunakan kata hubung sehingga kalimat tersebut menjadi salah.

Contoh
kalimat:

Kalimat Salah  Some weeks ago, Jonas wanted to win the bike
– riding competition he spent many hours riding his bicycle.

(Beberapa minggu lalu, Jonas ingin memenangkan perlombaan mengendarai
sepeda dia menghabiskan waktunya dengan mengendarai sepedanya)
Kalimat Salah Don’t walk on the
grass it is forbidden here.

(Jangan berjalan di atas rumput hal tersebut dilarang di sini)

b) Comma
splices

Comma splices adalah kesalhan ketika dua kalimat digabungkan hanya
dengan tanda koma (,), namun kalimat tersebut memiliki maknaya yang salah.

Contoh
kalimat:

Kalimat Salah  Some weeks ago, Jonas wanted to win the bike
– riding competition, he spent many hours riding his bicycle.

(Beberapa minggu lalu, Jonas ingin memenangkan perlombaan mengendarai
sepeda dia menghabiskan waktunya dengan mengendarai sepedanya)
Kalimat Salah Don’t walk on the
grass, it is forbidden here.

(Jangan berjalan di atas rumput hal tersebut dilarang di sini)

C. Contoh Kalimat yang Benar

1.
Pisahkan dua kalimat sederhana dengan tanda titik  (.).

Contoh
kalimat:

Kalimat Benar Some weeks ago, Jonas
wanted to win the bike – riding competition. He spent many hours riding his
bicycle.

(Beberapa minggu lalu, Jonas ingin memenangkan perlombaan mengendarai
sepeda. Dia menghabiskan waktunya dengan mengendarai sepedanya)
Kalimat Benar Don’t walk on the
grass. Iit is forbidden here.

(Jangan berjalan di atas rumput. Hal tersebut dilarang di sini)

2.
Tambahkan tanda koma (,) dan tambahkan satu kata hubung (coordinating
conjunction).

Contoh
kalimat:

Kalimat Benar  Some weeks ago, Jonas wanted to win the bike
– riding competition, so he spent many hours riding his bicycle.

(Beberapa minggu lalu, Jonas ingin memenangkan perlombaan mengendarai
sepeda, jadi dia menghabiskan waktunya dengan mengendarai sepedanya)
Kalimat Benar Don’t walk on the
grass for it is forbidden here.

(Jangan berjalan di atas rumput karena hal tersebut dilarang di sini)

D. Contoh Soal

Write
other possibility forms for the sentences if they are already correct. If the
sentences are wrong, correct them.

1. Many people like eating at home, others prefer eating out.
  Many people like eating at home. Others prefer eating
out.
  Many people like eating at home, but others prefer
eating out.
  Many people like eating at home, and others prefer
eating out.
   
2. Hamsters and rabbits are cute, people keep them as pets.
  _____________________________________________
  _____________________________________________
   
3. Dogs and cats can be good companions, and they can play with you.
  ______________________________________________
  ______________________________________________
   
4. Some reptiles may look scary for people they shouldn’t bite them,
however.
  _______________________________________________
  _______________________________________________
   
5. Tigers and lions can be good protectors, and they are carnivores.
  _______________________________________________
  _______________________________________________
   
6. Rabbits and cats look cute, they are nice pets for everyone.
  _______________________________________________
  _______________________________________________
   
7. A pet dog can fetch you a newspaper every morning, you won’t need to walk
to grab it yourself.
  _______________________________________________
  _______________________________________________
   
8. Cows and goats eat lots of grass, so you won’t need to cut your lawn.
  _______________________________________________
  _______________________________________________
   

Kunci Jawaban:

  • Some people like eating at home. Others prefer eating out.

Some people like eating at home, but others prefer eating out.

Some people like eating at home, and others prefer eating out.

  • Hamsters and rabbits are cute. People keep them as pets.

Hamsters and rabbits are cute, and people keep them as pets.

  • Dogs and cats can be good companions. They can also play
    with you.

Dogs and cats can be good companions, or they can also play with you.

  • Some reptiles may look scary for people. They shouldn’t
    bite them, however.

Some reptiles may look scary for people, but they shouldn’t bite them.

  • Tigers and lions are also good protectors. They are
    carnivores.

Tigers and lions are also good protectors, but they are carnivores.

  • Rabbits and cats look cute. They are nice pets for everyone.

Rabbits and cats look cute, and they are nice pets for everyone.

  • A pet dog can fetch you a newspaper every morning. You
    won’t need to walk to grab it yourself.

A pet dog can fetch you a newspaper every morning, so you won’t need to
walk to grab it yourself.

  • Cows and goats eat lots of grass. You won’t need to cut
    your lawn.

Cows and goats eat lots of grass, and you won’t need to cut your lawn.

Demikianlah
penjelasan detail tentang run-ons and
comma splices
beserta contoh soal. Semoga penjelasan detail di atas dapat
dipahami dengan baik oleh teman – teman semua sehingga dapat membuat writing yang baik. Terima kasih.